Artificial Intelligence (AI) and it’s Health Benefits
Researchers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) are using artificial intelligence to make treatment for cancer less debilitating but just as effective for patients. The AI learns from previous patient data to determine what the lowest doses and frequencies of medication delivered the desired results to shrink tumours. In some cases, the monthly administration of doses was reduced to just twice per year while achieving the same goal. Based on a trial of fifty patients, treatments were reduced to between a quarter and half of the prior doses.
Some of the side effects of cancer medication can do more harm than good to a patient’s quality of life. By implementing the AI’s treatment strategy, the least toxic doses can be used.
Scientists at Imperial College London have developed a system that can treat patients with sepsis and, by using artificial intelligence, analyse the records of 100,000 hospital patients in intensive care units (ICU) to assess the best course of treatment. The tool, which is called AI Clinician, can be used alongside medical professionals to help doctors better understand the best treatment strategy. Sepsis, which is commonly known as blood poisoning, kills around 44,000 people every year in the UK. The product uses a process called reinforcement learning wherein robots learn taking decisions to solve a problem. The researchers conducted a study wherein they reviewed US patient records from 130 intensive care units (ICUs) over a 15-year period to explore whether the AI system’s recommendations might have been able to improve patient outcomes, compared with standard care. Now they are hoping to use the AI Clinician tool in ICUs in the UK.
Chinese tech giant Tencent has partnered with London-based medical firm Medopad to use AI for earlier Parkinson’s diagnosis. Earlier diagnosis of any medical problem is always good. Often it increases the chance of successful treatment, minimises suffering, and can increase life expectancy in terminal cases. Parkinson’s is a degenerative affliction without any known cure. Caught early, however, and measures can be taken which helps to slow its progression. The disease affects the central nervous system, predominately the motor system. As such, the most obvious symptoms early on are shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement, and difficulty walking. Tencent and Medopad use AI trained on existing video footage of patients to spot for concerning symptoms. The video analysis was conducted in collaboration with Kings College Hospital in London. Both companies hope their system will reduce how long it takes for a motor function assessment to be performed from over 30 minutes to less than three. Speeding up diagnosis helps more people to begin treatment faster.
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